Calves hurt when running often occurs after doing some extreme activity. The severity of calves pain varies, it can be as middle pain to a sharp or heavy pain.
calves pain is quite common and is often associated with muscle cramps which can be relieved with just massage. However, there are actually many other conditions that can cause calves pain, ranging from as middle like muscle cramps to severe ones that require serious treatment.
Causes of Calves hurt when running
Calves pain can be caused by several factors, including disorders of the muscles, joints, tendons, blood vessels, nerves, bones, or skin around the calves. This condition can occur when exercising, working, even sleeping. The complaints experienced can also vary, depending on the cause.
Below are some of the conditions that can cause calves pain:
- Muscle cramps
Cramps occur when a muscle contracts or tightens suddenly. calves pain due to muscle cramps is generally caused by sudden and excessive exercise or strenuous activity, dehydration, or muscle injury.
- Tense muscles
calves pain due to muscle tension usually occurs with fatigue or after overuse of the calves muscles. This can also occur in the middle of sports that involve a lot of calves muscle strength, such as running, swimming or cycling.
This condition is usually caused by injury or injury from a fall or impact. Bruises are caused by rupturing of the capillary tissue under the skin which then appears as a discoloration of the skin due to seepage of blood.
Symptoms that may came along with calves hurt when running
In addition, there are several other conditions that are more serious and can cause calves pain, namely:
1.Deep vein thrombosis
Deep vein thrombosis is a blood clot that occurs in the deep veins found in the thighs and calves. Apart from calves pain, this condition is also characterized by swelling of the calves, the calves feels hot, and the calves discoloration becomes paler or reddish.
The sciatica occurs when a nerve is pinched in the pelvis. This condition generally causes pain that radiates from the pelvis, buttocks to the legs, including the calves. The pain can be mild, but it can be severe and interfere with daily activities.
calves pain can also be caused by tendinitis or tendon inflammation that occurs in the Achilles tendon. This condition is characterized by pain in the area around the heel to the calves. Typically, Achilles tendon tendinitis occurs due to overuse of the calves muscles, for example when climbing a lot of stairs.
- Diabetic neuropathy of the peripheral nerves
Diabetic neuropathy is a complication of diabetes. Diabetics who have uncontrolled sugar levels can experience nerve damage, including the nerves in the calves. This can cause discomfort such as a prickling or burning sensation in the calves.
- Compartment syndrome
Compartment syndrome occurs due to increased pressure within the muscle compartment. calves pain that occurs due to compartment syndrome generally results from severe injury to the area, such as a shin fracture that injures the muscle tissue, blood vessels, and nerves around the fracture.
Leptospirosis is a disease caused by infection with leptospira bacteria. This disease is spread through exposure to water or soil contaminated with the urine or blood of animals, such as rats, cows, or dogs, which are infected with these bacteria.
Apart from calves pain, leptospirosis also causes other symptoms such as fever, nausea, vomiting, headaches, stomach pain, diarrhea, and yellowing of the skin and eyes.
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How to Overcome Calves Pain
The treatment method for treating calves pain varies, depending on your condition. For mild causes of calves pain, you can treat it independently at home. The following are some ways to treat calves pain:
- Stop activity.
- Rest your feet by lying down and placing your feet higher than your body.
- Ice the affected part of the calves for about 20 minutes.
- Do light leg stretches.
- Take pain relievers, such as ibuprofen or paracetamol, if necessary.
To avoid sore calves and injury to muscles and joints, make sure you always stretch before and after exercising or other physical activity. Consuming enough water can prevent dehydration, as well as reduce the risk of injury during activities.
A more serious cause of calves pain needs to be examined by a doctor in order to get proper treatment. If your calves pain is accompanied by pale feet, feels weak, swollen, tingling, and makes it difficult for you to do activities, get your condition checked by a doctor.