Conditioner functions to protect and moisturize hair so that hair becomes smoother and more voluminous. However, using the wrong conditioner procedure can cause new hair problems.
One of the most common mistakes is letting conditioner touch the scalp. Actually, what is the reason that conditioner should not be used in this area?
How conditioner works on hair and scalp
When viewed under a microscope, the strands of hair look like flakes that have piled up on each other. These flakes are dead cells that make up the cuticle layer. Its function is to protect the inside of the hair which is brittle and easily damaged.
When hair appears tangled or swollen, it means that the cuticle lining is damaged. Like a mine whose fibers begin to loosen, the flakes in the cuticle layer no longer accumulate evenly, as reported by the Science Line Site.
The chemical structure that binds cells to the cuticle layer weakens over time. The cells then become stretched and rub against the cuticle layer of the other hair strands. As a result, hair becomes tangled, broken, or damaged.
Usually, conditioner is not used directly on the scalp. This is because it has a direct effect on the hair strands, not the scalp.
This product contains cationic surfactants, which are compounds that can bind to negative ions in hair strands.
The bonds between the surfactant and the hair strands form a layer that protects the hair cuticle. In addition, the acid content in the conditioner also makes the cuticle layers on each strand of hair bond together so that the hair feels smooth again.
The ideal conditioner usually contains not only surfactants, but also silicones (dimethicone). Silicone works by forming a waterproof sheath that locks in moisture. That way, the hair does not dry out or get damaged quickly.
Can conditioner touch the scalp?
Before answering these questions, you need to first understand the function of hair follicles. Follicles are tiny “pockets” in the skin that provide hair growth.
Oil and sweat glands are also present in this bag.
Hair, oil, or sweat that comes from the follicles will come out through the pores. The face and scalp are the parts of the body that have more follicles. This area also tends to be oily because there are more oil glands.
If you apply conditioner to the scalp, the silicone in the conditioner will clog the pores in that area.
As a result, the natural oils from within the follicle cannot reach the hair strands so that make the hair becomes dry.
Although it can form a protective sheath for hair, silicone also has its drawbacks. These minerals can remove nutrients and natural oils from the hair strands. As a result, hair becomes more susceptible to breakage.
However, this does not apply for everyone. For people with scalps that are capable of producing a fair amount of oil, silicone in conditioners can indeed clog pores and cause hair problems.
But If You Had Dry Scalp maybe need it
People with dry, damaged, or chemical-affected hair from hair care products need to do the opposite every now and then. They need to apply conditioner to the scalp to keep their hair moisturized.
So, can you apply conditioner to your scalp? The answer depends on the condition of your hair. Avoid the head area if your scalp is normal or oily. Conversely, those of you who have dry scalp can use this product on the scalp once in a while.