Have you ever felt sudden cold sensitivity in teeth eating ice cream or brushing your teeth? Previously it was fine till you notice sharp pain in your teeth.
For sensitive teeth, simple daily activities such as eating, drinking, and brushing your teeth may cause into tooth pain. However, by detecting the cause, you can reduce and act fast the best way to threat your teeth.
Why Teeth Become Sensitive?
Tooth aches or sensitive teeth are generally caused by the erosion of the protective layer of the tooth, it’s known as enamel. Then your teeth become sensitive when the gums open, exposing the dentin, the layer beneath them, is exposed to various stimuli.
Dentin consists of the inside of the tooth and the roots that are connect to thousands of tiny channels leading to the tooth nerve. This condition might lead to cold, heat, or hard friction that can trigger a short of pain.
Various causes of toothache
Quoted from Healthline, some people naturally have types of teeth that are more sensitive than others. This is usually because the enamel on the teeth is thinner.
There are several things that cause teeth to be more sensitive or feel sore. You can avoid it so that the pain doesn’t recur or get worse.
1. Careless when brush your teeth
When brushing your teeth, there are many things you should pay attention to minimalist risk of tooth enamel damage.
Brushing too hard and too much pressure is the wrong way to brush your teeth, will make your enamel thinner which causes teeth to ache.
Toothbrush quality is also playing a part in here. Using a hard and coarse bristle brush can cause sore gums and result in toothache.
This will gradually cause erosion of the tooth layer. As a result, the teeth become sore and sensitive. The simplest solution is to switch to a toothbrush with softer bristles and to brush your teeth more slowly.
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2. Food and Beverages that Damage Teeth Sensitivity
Maybe you don’t really realize which foods and drinks can make your teeth ache. However, it’s good to start paying more attention to what foods can trigger it at any time.
Foods and drinks that trigger toothache are especially those that are too acidic, hot, or cold.
Yes. Exposure to the temperature of the drink or food you consume can directly affect the exposed dentis. Drinks and foods that are too cold, too hot, or too acidic can also cause erosion of the lining of the teeth (tooth erosion). This is usually main a reason why our teeth feel so sore.
The habit of eating hot food and then immediately drinking cold is also one of the bad habits that causes toothache due to erosion.
Some Patient also had teeth sensitivity when consume acidic foods such as ketchup, lemon, kiwi, and pickles. Avoiding foods or drinks like this can help you avoid toothache.
3. Using whitening toothpaste
You may use toothpaste that contains chemicals to whiten teeth. These chemicals are sometimes too harsh, so they can damage the surface of the teeth and lead to sensitive tooth pain.
If your toothpaste contains a whitening chemical, consider replacing the product immediately. For example, by using regular or special toothpaste for sensitive teeth.
4. Gargling with mouthwashes.
Like whitening toothpaste, some mouthwashes contain alcohol and other chemicals that can make your teeth more sensitive. Especially if your dentin area is already open.
Moreover, the dentin is directly connected to the nerve center in the tooth. So if it is not protected, the nerve center will be very vulnerable.
Instead, try flossing your teeth to clean any debris that has slipped between the teeth and can’t be reached by the toothbrush.
If you already feel sensitivity tooth pain after mouthwash, try choosing another type of mouthwash. For example, mouthwash that does not contain alcohol and mouthwash that contains fluoride for sensitive teeth.
5. Gum disease
As you get older (especially if you don’t take care of your teeth), you can develop various gum diseases. Gum disease can cause tooth sensitivity so that the teeth ache.
If gum disease is the problem, your dentist will offer appropriate treatment to treat the disease.
Gum problems that can also be a cause of sensitive teeth are inflammation of the gums (gingivitis) or gum infection (periodontitis). So, make it a habit to regularly check with your dentist. Dentist recommended to always check up teeth twice a year.
6. Excessive plaque
The purpose of using dental floss and a toothbrush is to remove plaque that builds up after you eat. Excess plaque may cause tooth enamel lost.
Therefore, this can also be one of the causes of toothache or sensitivity due to losing the protection provided by enamel.
The solution is to have a good daily dental care like toothbrush 2 times a day (morning and before bed) and visit your dentist for cleaning once every six months or more often if necessary.
7. Cavities and decay
Perforated teeth can cause a lot of pain, more than just sensitive teeth. Your dentist will need to examine your teeth and determine the appropriate treatment, such as a tooth filling.
8. There is a broken tooth
Have you ever had a tooth that suddenly broke from biting something hard enough? Not only that, this condition can also be caused due to an injury or not being able to withstand weights.
Be careful because even cracked or broken teeth can cause your teeth to feel sore.
In fact, if left alone it can cause excessive pain. Immediately see a doctor to get further treatment.
9. Effects after performing the procedure
Does your tooth ache or hurt more after performing certain procedures at the dentist? Don’t panic it’s actually common thing.
Usually, root canal procedures, extractions, or placement of crowns can also cause tooth pain.
However, if the pain doesn’t go away after a few hours or even a day, it’s best to call your doctor again. This is necessary to prevent infection after the procedure.
10. After bleaching process
As we try to explained above, toothpaste with whitening content can make teeth more sensitive. Likewise, when you carry out treatments such as tooth bleaching, which can also cause more tooth pain.
This is because the chemical content of the stain remover is hard enough to erode the enamel.
At 2018 study published by the Journal of the American Dental Association found that applying dentisizing gel before the bleaching process is claimed to reduce pain after treatment.
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The Right Way How to Deal Sudden Cold Sensitivity in Teeth
Seeing a dentist is the first step you can take. The doctor will detect the cause of your sore tooth based on your complaint history, the symptoms you convey and the results of the examination. Here are a few things that can be a solution:
- Toothpaste with a specific formula for sensitive teeth
- Some toothpaste can help reduce pain due to sensitive teeth.
- Your doctor can grease your sensitive teeth with fluoride and prescribe it for home use to strengthen tooth enamel and relieve aching teeth.
- Bind or thicken
- The exposed root surface of the tooth can be treated with a layer of bonding (resin bonding) applied to the process. This process may require local anesthesia.
- Gum surgery
- The root of the tooth that has lost the layer of the gum can cause the tooth to ache or a solution can be done by taking the gum from another part and then placing it on this missing part.
- Root canal treatment
- Root canal treatment is carried out by treating the dental pulp. This method is done if other treatments have not worked effectively while the pain you are experiencing is unbearable.
If after undergoing examination and treatment, but your toothache is still disturbing, go to the dentist again.
Maintain Good Dental Health
Realizing the complexities of treating sensitive teeth above, you should prevent these conditions before they occur. Here are some ways you can do to prevent toothache.
- The simplest way is to maintain cleanliness and dental health by brushing your teeth twice a day with soft bristles and fluoridated toothpaste, also using dental floss every day.
- Avoid brushing your teeth too often, brushing roughly, or using a level of toothpaste that can cause tooth decay.
- Avoid sharpening and grinding your teeth, which can cause them to crack and become sensitive.
- Limit acidic foods and drinks, such as sodas, yogurt, and tamarind. All of these can erode some of the tooth enamel. Continuously drinking with a straw can reduce this risk.
- Drink mineral water to normalize acid levels in your mouth after consuming milk or foods and drinks that contain acids.
- Avoid brushing your teeth immediately after consuming foods and drinks that contain acid. Acid makes tooth enamel softer and erodes easily when brushing.
- Routinely check your dental health to the dentist every 6 months or according to the schedule recommended by the dentist.
- Regular maintenance and maintaining dental hygiene are the main keys to preventing sensitive teeth. If you still feel toothache after doing some of the tips above, immediately consult your complaint to the dentist.