Chicken meat is mostly favorite menu for everyone. Maybe in a week you can eat chicken more than three times. Chicken is healthy, but you have to be careful. Eating undercooked chicken meat can cause food poisoning.
So What diseases can occur if you eat undercooked / raw chicken ? How to tell whether a chicken is well cooked or not? Let’s discuss about it
What if I eat undercooked chicken?
In the body of chickens, there are various types of bacteria, viruses, and parasites that will survive even though the chicken is dead. This is because these organisms are still attached to their host in the chicken’s body.
Meanwhile, cooking chicken with temperature at least 74 degrees Celsius will kill a wide variety of disease-causing organisms. Chicken can be consumed safely when it is cooked perfectly.
eating uncooked or even raw chicken has the risk of causing these four dangerous diseases.
4 dangerous diseases by consuming Undercooked Chicken
Typhus or typhoid fever is caused by infection with the bacteria Salmonella typhi. These bacteria live and reproduce in the body of livestock chickens. However, it does not mean that livestock chickens are full of Salmonella typhi bacteria. Usually this transmission occurs when a person or chicken seller who has been contaminated with the bacteria touches the chicken you bought.
If you have typhus, you may need to hospitalized. Especially if you experience diarrhea, bleeding, or serious indigestion. Typhoid symptoms usually appear a few days to two weeks after you eat immature chicken meat that contains bacteria. Symptoms include high fever, muscle aches, abdominal pain, nausea, weakness and loss of appetite. If not treated immediately, typhus can cause death.
The virus that causes bird flu, namely H5N1, had an outbreak in Asean. The virus that lives in the body of chickens and other birds can be transmitted to humans. Especially if you eat uncooked chicken that has contracted bird flu.
Symptoms of this disease include coughing, difficulty breathing, sore throat, fever, muscle aches, runny nose, and diarrhea. Like other infections, this virus can cause death if left untreated.
According to the recommendations of the World Health Organization (WHO), cooking chicken until the temperature of the meat reaches 74 degrees Celsius can kill the H5N1 virus. However, even though it has been cooked perfectly, you should not eat chicken meat from farms that have infected by bird flu.
Stomach flu (gastroenteritis)
Gastroenteritis is the medical term for stomach flu. The stomach flu itself is inflammation of the stomach or intestines due to infection. This disease is usually discovered after eating food contaminated with viruses, bacteria, or parasites. Uncooked chicken can also cause stomach flu.
Symptoms that may appear are stomach pain, diarrhea, vomiting, fever, chills, and dehydration. The appearance of these symptoms can take 1-3 days after eating contaminated food.
This one disease can cause muscle weakness to paralysis. The cause is an infection with Campylobacter bacteria which may live in chicken meat. If left untreated, the paralysis can spread throughout the body, make you difficult catch your breathe.
If you experience symptoms such as itching of the hands and feet, muscle pain, low blood pressure, irregular heartbeat, difficulty breathing, difficulty swallowing, and difficulty moving, see your doctor immediately. Guillain-Barre syndrome should be treated in a hospital immediately.
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How to tell if chicken meat is well cooked
After knowing the dangers, don’t be reckless or try to eat chicken that has not been cooked perfectly. In order to avoid the risk of disease due to eating undercooked chicken, pay close attention to the color. If the meat is still slightly red or pink or you are unsure, don’t eat it. Cooked chicken meat is white till the inside.
Finding the right balance of ripeness is challenging, but not impossible. One common tip is to cut the thickest part of the meat, but if the meat is cooked, it means that the smaller or leaner pieces are overcooked.
An easy trick to knowing if chicken is well cooked is to use a thermometer. Test the temperature in the thigh area, near the chest, or the thickest part of the chicken. The United States Department of Agriculture states that the temperature of all cooked poultry must reach 165 degrees Fahrenheit, the equivalent of 74 degrees Celsius.
However, other reports say to cook chicken to a temperature of 70 degrees celsius as it will rise to 74 degrees celsius when the stove is turned off. Make sure your thermometer doesn’t touch the chicken bones as that could give the wrong doneness result. A thermometer is an important kitchen staple and is good for checking doneness of chicken and other meats.
Reporting from the Reader’s Digest page, there are several other pointers to ensure that the chicken you cook is perfectly cooked. The trick, by measuring the size of the chicken because the chicken will shrink when cooked.
However, please note that there is usually a difference in size in cooked chicken that still has bones. If the chicken has shrunk significantly, it is likely that it is overcooked.
Also, chicken that is pink or pink is a sign that it may not be safe to eat. This includes flesh that still appears to have blood on it.
Do not stab too deep or cut the meat completely to check for moisture in the chicken. To preven undercooked chicken meat, do not throw away the bones and skin of the chicken when cooking.